2014 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

A New York City subway train holds 1,200 people. This blog was viewed about 5,400 times in 2014. If it were a NYC subway train, it would take about 5 trips to carry that many people.

Click here to see the complete report.

Leonardo Polo Institute International Conference ‘Spirits in Time’, 29 Sept 2014, Madrid campus of IESE

Leonardo Polo Institute – International Conference ‘Spirits in Time’, 29 Sept 2014, Madrid campus of IESE

LeonardoPolo-web

http://www.leonardopoloinstitute.org/conference-2014.html

The Leonardo Polo Institute of Philosophy with the collaboration of the Chair of Business Ethics of the IESE Business School (Madrid, Spain) and the Markets, Culture and Ethics Research Centre of the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross (Rome, Italy) presents the International Conference Spirits in Time: Person, Action, and Culture in Leonardo Polo’s Ethics.

Spirits in Time will take place in English, and seeks to gather English speaking scholars from throughout the world to explore the implications of Polo’s anthropology and ethics in the varied fields of human action, culture, and history.

The Conference is mainly directed towards young academics, and aims at being an occasion for them to encounter and deepen their understanding of Leonardo Polo’s thought, especially aspects of his philosophy that concern his ethics and philosophical anthropology. The main focus is to show how Polo’s philosophy provides an important philosophical framework for understanding how the different dimensions of human action and the various disciplines that are studied at the university (architecture, engineering, medicine, law, political theory, business, biology, psychology, education, leadership, ecology, etc.) are related with each other and with culture, history, and society.

The Conference centers on notions developed by Polo in works that focus on ethics and philosophical anthropology. Among these are his books ÉticaAyudar a crecerFilosofía y economía¿Quién es el hombre?, as well as articles such as “El profesor universitario” and “La amistad en Aristóteles”.

–o–o–o–o–o–

Role of Virtues

Role of Virtues

My paper “The Role of Virtues in Business and Management” has just gotten published in the international edited BOOK volume “Connoisseur strategies for Global Business Management”.

Publisher: Archers and Elevators Publishing House, Bangalore, India.

It was written by authors from 16 countries authors; 21 papers in total. 🙂

Belen

Belen

Merry Christmas! Happy New Year 2013!

[pic above is ‘Belen’ at my place 🙂 The ones below are ‘Belens’ at the home of a Spanish friend…]

Belenes_Blu

 

UNIV 2010 Paper

UNIV 2010 Research Paper presented in Final Paper Presentation (Philippines)

—————

Authentic Human Development and Social Entrepreneurship

Author: Valeroso, Carmina Angelica C.

(St. Scholastica’s College Manila)

INTRODUCTION:

“If the soul is left in darkness, sins will be committed.”

Poverty is a type of darkness in society which is the root of some social ills. Nevertheless, there is much hope that this darkness can be dispelled.

In relation to this year’s UNIV theme “Can Christianity Inspire a Global Culture?”, this paper entitled “Authentic Human Development in Poverty Alleviation through Social Entrepreneurship”, aims to study the influence of Christianity on the culture of entrepreneurship as well as on poverty alleviation.

Based on a 2006 data of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization, poverty afflicts approximately 15 million Filipinos.  The inaccessibility of some areas makes it a daunting task for government, NGOs and large corporations to execute their poverty alleviation programs.  Social entrepreneurship may be one of the means to meet the needs of the poor in unserved areas since it uses sustainable and scalable approaches.

In answering a social problem such as poverty, the Pope cautions against solutions which create a culture that “detaches itself from its life-giving roots, [because] then it will not become more reasonable or purer, but will fall apart and disintegrate.”

Keeping the Pope’s message in mind, the following objectives were formulated (see above).

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK:

The framework illustrates how Christianity teaches that authentic human development concerns the material and spiritual growth of a person, including her transcendent dimension. This Christian idea of authentic human development may influence an entrepreneur to venture into some social enterprise which seeks to alleviate poverty. As depicted in the framework, poverty has multiple indicators and the greater the effort to address each indicator, the greater is the contribution to the development of the person.

METHODOLOGY:

The methodology is as follows:

The Christian definition of authentic human development was extracted from Pope Benedict XVI’s encyclical “Caritas in Veritate”.

Meanwhile, the indicators of a multi-dimensional poverty were based on a research entitled “Missing Dimensions of Poverty Data” (Alkire, 2007).

Indicators of Multidimensional Poverty

Dimension Indicators
Material Well Being income poverty, food shortage, housing quality, access to water and sanitation
Bodily Well being malnutrition, child mortality
Mental well being intelligence, psychological well being (meaning, autonomy, competence, relatedness), subjective well being (happiness and over all comfort)
Productivity employment, quality of work (protection, safety, time use, discouraged unemployment, perceptions)
Security victims of violence and theft, perceptions of violence
Social well being Shame (stigma of poverty and shame proneness), humiliation (respect and fair treatment, discrimination, internal humiliation)
Empowerment freedom of choice and actions, control over personal decisions, autonomy, ability to change life (lifestyle, mentality, mind set, outlook), ability to change others/ community

A case study of two (2) social enterprises:

  • Hapinoy; and
  • Rags2Riches

was conducted. The beneficiaries of these 2 businesses are mothers of families in selected communities in Luzon and are also more familiarly referred to as Nanays (moms).

Motivations of social entrepreneurs were gathered from interviews with two businessmen.

In answer to the first objective: The encyclical describes authentic human development as growth in every single dimension of man, that is, in his material and spiritual dimensions, including his transcendent dimension. Pope Benedict XVI emphasized growth in the transcendent dimension, which entails growth in the spirit.  The Holy Father mentions that this growth occurs when man’s “soul comes to know itself and the truths that God has implanted deep within, when he enters into a dialogue with himself and his Creator”.

In answer to Objective no. 2:  Seven (7) indicators were enumerated by Alkire, namely, poverty in:  Material Well-Being, Bodily Well-Being, Security, Work, Mental Well-Being, Social Well-Being, and Empowerment.

To meet the third objective: The conceptual framework shows that authentic human development involves material and spiritual growth.  Material growth can be seen through material and bodily well-being while spiritual growth may be seen through security, work, mental well-being, social well-being, and empowerment.

Hapinoy and Rags2Riches were examined based on the indicators.

Hapinoy is a program of MicroVentures, Inc. which aims to increase the sales and profits of micro-entrepreneur sari-sari store owners nationwide.

On the other hand, Rags2Riches is a business which creates ethical and eco-friendly high-end designer fashion masterpieces and home accessories.  It aims to solve the two predominant faces of injustice in Payatas:  unfair trade and environmental degradation.

The results regarding how Hapinoy and Rags2Riches addressed the material and spiritual growth of the Nanays (moms) will now be presented.

RESULTS:

Through Hapinoy and Rags2Riches, the material growth can be seen in the increase in income.  (Those in Hapinoy experienced an increase in sales from less than a hundred thousand monthly to half a million;  while those in Rags2Riches – who previously earned 1 to 2 pesos per rug – were enabled to receive at least the minimum wage daily. The Nanays were also able to expand their stores and acquire other equipment and facilities.

Material growth was also seen through the desire to acquire bodily well-being. The Moms used their higher earnings to provide for household needs. Good nutrition also became a conscious consideration for the Moms.

Moving on to how spiritual growth was achieved, the relevant indicators were examined.  Spiritual growth through having a sense of security was manifested especially in expanding the freedoms they value and have reason to value.  Mental well-being is another indicator related to spiritual growth. Hapinoy and Rags2Riches fed the intellect of the Moms through giving them training and support services so that they can acquire more knowledge regarding entrepreneurship and business environments.

The Moms were enabled to set higher goals for themselves and their family as well as to exercise their freedom of choice and action.  Character development may be seen in their practice of the virtues, such as commitment and simplicity.  The Moms have also learned to place more value in life, happiness and their relationship with God.

CONCLUSION:

Christianity teaches that authentic human development involves growth in the individual’s totality as body and soul, in every single dimension of man including the transcendent.

This study sought to show that the idea of authentic human development, through concern for both material and spiritual well-being, should imbue the social entrepreneur when venturing into social entrepreneurship. This study has highlighted specific cases where social entrepreneurship has also helped alleviate poverty, in the process of creating an enabling environment for the marginalized so they can fulfill and develop themselves.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

Learning from the experience of social entrepreneurship, some recommendations can be taken up by the different sectors of society.

  • The youth can be encouraged to get involved in different volunteer activities since these provide them the opportunity to give themselves to others.
  • Programs can also be launched to help parents train their children to be more socially responsible.
  • Giving support to schools which offer Christian formation enables these institutions to continue imparting values through their curriculum, outreach programs and other activities. Children who are exposed to these may more often include Christian ideals in their social behaviors.
  • Dialogue with the authorities can also be kept so that they are provided with data to determine the real cause of poverty. There would be a need to invest time in studying the needs of the poor so as to address all dimensions of the person.
  • Opportunities can also be offered for social entrepreneurs to strengthen their spiritual life and deepen their relationship with God since they will be working in a business model which is others-oriented.

–o–o–o–o–

Buhay at Pagmamahal

Mga katotohanan ukol sa buhay at pagmamahal

I found this wonderful pro-life resource: Why Pro-Life? [download & read, now!]

“Randy Alcorn’s concise but comprehensive presentation of the pro-life position is an invaluable resource for openhearted—yet often tongue-tied—pro-lifers everywhere.”
—Frederica Mathewes-Green
“To change our culture, it is not enough to say that we are pro-life; we must explain why we are pro-life. This book is an excellent resource that does precisely that.”
—Fr. Frank Pavone
National Director, Priests for Life
President, National Pro-life Religious Council

–o–o–o–o–o–

For our planned “survey” of the mothers that will attend our “Buhay at Pagmamahal” training series, here’s what I suggest:

Note the Table of Contents of the book above:
1. The Basics
2. The Child
3. The Woman
4. Other Important Issues
e.g. “Personally opposed to abortion, but ‘pro-choice’? How about adoption?
5. Spiritual Perspectives & Opportunities

—————
I likewise suggest the following:

Gallup Poll “More Americans are pro-life…”
Filipino Family Survey on Facebook:
—————

Since our audience will be from simple backgrounds, here are the survey questions I’d suggest:

English

Tagalog

1) How many children do I have? 1) Ilan ang bilang ng aking mga anak?
2) If I really wanted to (If I had attended a similar talk prior to this), I would’ve wanted how many children? _____ 2) Kung ako lamang ang masusunod (kung nakapakinig lamang ako sa ganitong uri ng usapin), nais ko sana na magkaroon ako ng ___ na anak.
3) I want __* of kids because**…

*a) zero b) few c) plenty

**____________________

____________________

____________________

3) Nais ko ng __* anak sapagka’t*…

*a) walang b) kakaunting c) maraming

**____________________

____________________

____________________

4) I believe that a husband:

__ should be loving and faithful;

__ can go & have other women.

__ (other) _______________

4) Sa palagay ko ang asawa ay:

__ dapat mapagmahal at tapat;

__ maaaring mangaliwete.

__ (ibang kasagutan) _______________

5) I shall try to be a better wife by:

____________________

____________________

____________________

____________________

5) Sisikapin ko’ng maging mas mabuting maybahay sa pamamagitan ng:

____________________

____________________

____________________

6) I believe that life (a child) is a gift from God and that I should receive it (life, child) with generosity. Yes __.  No __. 6) Sa palagay ko’y ang buhay (anak) ay galing sa Panginoong Diyos at dapat tanggapin ko yaon (buhay/anak) nang mapagkaloob. Oo __.  Hindi __.

Scientific Method

Scientific Method  //  Método científico

Honest-to-goodness research has always relied upon the so-called SCIENTIFIC METHOD to ensure that, especially in the physical sciences, our statements about the reality around us are closer to the truth.  Any google search of the term “scientific method” would generate an unlimited number of links.  Most of them would give you a series of steps, something like:

ScientificMethod

In January 2009, a website called Understanding Science (www.understandingscience.org) was launched, funded by the National Science Foundation.  It presents an alternative to the scientific method: the science flow chart.  Please click here:

http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/scienceflowchart

The flow chart illustrates :

1) how scientific investigations may be inspired by a wide range of inputs, from serendipitous occurrences to practical problems in need of a solution.

2) Next is the gathering and interpretation of data through “testing ideas,” which is at the center of the flow chart and at the core of science.

3) From here, the next step may be :

a.  interactions with the scientific community,

b.  further testing,

c.  investigation of new questions, or

d.  applying scientific knowledge.

The chart emphasizes that science is an iterative, dynamic process involving a community of scientists engaged in many different activities. (Source:  Susan Musante, A Dynamic Alternative to the Scientific Method. Bioscience, Jan2009, Vol. 59, Issue 1.)

—————

Applications to our UNIV Research:

For example:  You want to investigate the idea: “Christianity Influencing Music”.

Your hypothesis might be: “Christian Faith has indeed influenced music from the olden times up to the present day.”

You might want to test this hypothesis by, say, administering a survey among experts in the field of music or, if your study is just exploratory, among a convenience sample of individuals, say, students in your university.

The contents/form of the survey would, in turn, rely upon a complete or sound literature review: you would scour the ‘world’ of resources out there, read through the material, and write out an integrated review of related literature.

(Actually, writing out briefly the results of your literature review would make a great UNIV Paper 🙂  In any case, your survey would back up any practical or applied or prescriptive aspect of your research on music, e.g., you want to write on “How Christian Music Uplifts One’s Spirits”.)

Otro ejemplo:  Quieres escribir sobre el tema “Cuidados paliativos: Su origen cristiano”.  Supongamos que tu hipótesis es: “Los cuidados paliativos tienen su origen en la práctica de la fe y de la religión de los médicos cristianos.”

Procedes a una prueba de esta hipótesis, por medio de un repaso de la literatura acerca del tema.  Hay un montón de recursos y fuentes: en la biblioteca, en bases de datos en línea, etc.  Luego completas esa revisión y escribes una breve historia del asunto.  (Normalmente, a base de este proceso, ya se puede confeccionar una sencilla pero completa ponencia para el UNIV…)

Si estás escribiendo algo preceptivo o recomendatorio, procederías a hacer una encuesta, por ejemplo, y escogerías la muestra de individuales adecuado para tu tema.  Esto se hará si investigas, p.ej., la cuestión “Cómo aumentar la utilización de cuidados paliativos para los enfermos en fase terminal en Región XX”. Entonces recoges los resultados de tal encuesta y empiezas a escribir las conclusiones, depende de si la experimentación coincide o no con tu hipótesis.

😉  😉  😉

Espero esta página haya servido de ayuda para tu trabajo de investigación…

Si tienes preguntas, no dudes en mandarme mail: aliza.racelis@up.edu.ph

😉  😉  😉